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Archive for the ‘GIPA(CSJMM)’ Category

“20-year-old Pako Tabatadze had taken part in popular “Geobar” reality-show, which broadcasted in Rustavi 2. Soon Tabatadze had declared his homosexuality and he expelled from the reality- show. And he said show producer’s wanted him to declare it. Tabatadze said after this, he has to hang his head low, when walking down the street.”

This is the essence of Tabatadze’s incident. I want to compare two stories which written in this topic. One is Salome Asatani’s story, which was published in Eurasia.net under headline “Georgian TV show reveals country’s changing mores”. The second story- “Gay Man Expelled from TV Show” comes from http://www.civil.ge. The first one is feature-analysis story; the second is just news story. Author Salome Asatiani began this story with Tabatadze’s incident. She just described one man had problem. But is just a way to reflect “changing public attitude to gay issue”. She just uses this incident to investigate this topic. From the headline, it is clear. Author of this story uses many facts that said from Pako himself. She told Pako’s incident with the words of Pako. She did not call him “gay”. Pako said it in this story. Ex: “It was the show’s producers who told me [to do this] — they told me they would include me in the project if I was going to admit that I was gay,” Tabatadze said.” Also she want to do interview with the opposite side- representative of Rustavi 2. But they refused. It seems, author wants to be balanced. Other source for this story was Georgian Patriarchate. Ex: “The Georgian Patriarchate told RFE/RL that to the church’s knowledge, no official complaint had been filed in relation to this episode of “GeoBar.” But also she gave the words of Eka Aghdgomelashvili, Inclusive Foundation project manager, who said “The influential head of the Georgian Orthodox Church, Ilia II, said such an event would be “unacceptable” and could lead to physical violence.” So author gave a chance to her readers to think and to get a result themselves. But she used speculations in her story: “Some say this is a legacy of the Soviet system, under which sexuality in general was a taboo topic and homosexuality was criminalized. Others point to the Caucasus’s traditional cult of machismo and strictly defined gender roles. And the influence of the Georgian Orthodox Church — which, like its Russian counterpart, has strongly expressed its anti-gay views — cannot be overlooked.” Also she gave an information from the law. At first she gave an excerpt from the Labor Code, then did interview from the Sopo Japarizde, an attorney and member of the Young Lawyers Association in Georgia. Ex: “The country’s new Labor Code, adopted in 2006, protects employees from being discriminated against on the basis of sexual orientation. And homosexuality was officially decriminalized in 2000.”- Excerpt from the Labor Code. “The 14th paragraph of Georgian Constitution says that all people are equal in the face of law, regardless of their race, sex, etc. — and then concludes this sentence with a full stop,” Japaridze said. (An interview from S. Jaaridze) The second story from civil.ge called “Gay Man Expelled from TV Show”. From the headline, journalist called Pako “gay”. While reading a story, it seems story is biased and unbalanced. Because as a source, he/she used just representative of Rustavi 2. But author did not! give any sentence of the Pako Tabatadze. There is no balance in this story. This paragraph is not for news story. “In July an outdoor event – All Different, All Equal – dedicated to tolerance was canceled for fear of violence. Labelled by many as a gay parade, the Georgian Orthodox Church warned that any participation by sexual minorities would lead to confrontation and clashes.” Because, it gives to reader to think “gays are bad, even church don’t like them.” “Although homosexuality is legal in Georgia, it is generally regarded as immoral.”- this sentence is not fact, though it given as a fact. Because, who said it? It is unknown. Which law author means? Author used her opinion.

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When you go to Bambis Rigi street, 7 (it is parallel to Chardin Street in Old City, Tbilisi) you can see red advertisement board which is written on it “Contemporary Art Gallery” with white letters in the left side. The name is also written in the up of the door. When you enter inside throw the big glass doors, as if you fall to the sorcerer of art. There are nearly 80 exhibits, which 50-60 of them are paintings. Others are figurative and utilitarian-decorative art like sculpture, enamel, graphic and etc. I also fell to the sorcerer of the paintings which hanging on the walls. Paintings are in different themes from different painters. Life, abstracts, seasons, love, oldness, family, and portrait – these are themes of exhibits. Generally, there is going development on the art area in Georgia now. Therefore, new galleries are opened, mostly in Old city and well-known places. Georgian painters’ professionalism and feeling beauties of life gives them to opportunity to develop. Because of Contemporary art gallery are situated in Old City they have many local and foreign visitors. Although it is inside of the three stored old building, but not all building belongs to gallery. Gallery is only in the entrance hall of the building. The way to the upstairs goes from inside of the Gallery and as if the works stay under of foot of people who goes to upstairs. (There are business centers in upstairs.) Another words place has not been elected correctly. Also Gallery has only one hall and it is small for 80 exhibits. Some of these are in the ground. Also the reception for upstairs is in here. It is dangerous for works, because they can be injured by accident. But when you look at the paintings, you go inside of them. You think, you feel yourself there – in painting. Your emotions go and come. You feel the aura of exquisite taste of different aged painters from 17 to 70. Georgian painters have own stile. Their conceptions are real, although they paint abstractions, too. They give positive energy and this gives to people to feel paintings as you see it. Contemporary Art Gallery works every day from 11.00 am to 11.00 pm. This is private Gallery, and visiting is free of charge. Works are also for sale. All works have Originality Certificate. The exhibits are renovated regularly. They said their priority is to provide the most comfortable, high-quality and fast services to their customers.

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The four-year-old program to computerize Georgia’s school system has started its second phase, which aims to complete the process of introducing computers and Internet access to all schools and training teachers and students in the use of technology.

The program will continue for three more years, until 2012.

The Deer Leap school computerization program has itself undergone some changes, to eliminate conflicts with a separate effort to repair and upgrade Georgian schools. Deer Leap bought computers, and installed equipment and fixed wires for the Internet in the schools.

Then the program Rehabilitation of Schools began last year to repair classes Rehabilitation of Schools removed the computers from the  classes and wires for computers and Internet from the walls during the reconstruction process. After schools were repaired, the computers were returned. Computers also became dusty because of the repair work going on. However, wires for the Internet were  fixed again after Repairs were completed.

Deer Leap is now divided between two departments in the  Ministry of Education: The Department of Programs,  and the Infrastructure Development Agency. The first is responsible for holding competitions, trainings and seminars and integrating Information Communication Technology into the curriculum. The second part of Deer Leap is responsible for technical support, computerizing and Internet access.

The Rehabilitation of Schools program also is part of the Infrastructure Development Agency.

The Deer Leap program was created by the Deer Leap Foundation, which was established in the Ministry of Education in 2005. The program was responsible for technical support, computerizing, providing Internet access and organizing trainings for teachers in use of software and using technology in teaching.

The first phase of Deer Leap lasted from March 2005 to December 2008. It began with the help of a similar program in Estonia, called Tiger Leap. As part of a Georgian and Estonian teachers’ exchange, Estonian colleagues shared their experience using Information Communication Technology (ICT) in the teaching and learning process, and creating a virtual learning environment.

The major goal of Deer Leap is to introduce Information Communication Technology into teaching and learning in Georgian schools. Tamar Kakutia, program manager for Deer Leap, said the program aimed to provide schools with computers, make teachers and students familiar with computers, provide Internet access and technical support, and also provide public schools with software programs and other means for studying.

Georgia has 2,400 schools. So far, in the first phase of the program, Deer Leap computerized and provided Internet access for 70 percent of the schools.

By 2012, Deer Leap has to computerize and provide Internet access for the remaining 30 percent of schools.

Seventy percent now have one computer for each 20 students. The other 30 percent have one computer for 22 or 23 students.

Deer Leap has also established 72 resource centers in Tbilisi and 40 in the regions. The resource centers provide schools with information, library and program support archive.

Deer Leap Foundation is currently paying for internet access for all schools and it will pay until 2012, when the project ends.

“Then schools will decide which (Internet) provider they prefer. Our goal is only to create all conditions for this,” Kakutia said.

Each of the 2,400 schools in Georgia has at least one information manager, who took part in the first training offered by Deer Leap and who can teach basic computer skills. The same training involved 40 per cent of all 70,000 teachers in Georgia. The program also has mobile trainers who go to the regions and hold seminars for teachers on database information.

As part of the first phase of the project, 16 experts worked to create strategy, goals and methods of introducing technology to Georgia’s schools. Kakutia said because of the division of Deer Leap into the two departments, it is unknown how many people will work on it now. The general budget of the program from 2005 to 2008 was more than 30 million lari ($18.8 million). The program was financed 95 percent by the Ministry of Education. The other 5 percent was sponsored by a Georgian who wished to remain anonymous. This money was spent to buy equipment, provide Internet access to schools and to organize trainings for teachers.

The program bought brand-name computers such as Fijutsi Siemens and Hewlett-Packard (HP). David Kiziria, former ICT integration manager, said that the program bought 30,000 computers in the first phase. Deer Leap held tenders among companies for the computer purchases. Winning companies had to provide schools with computers and technical support.

For 2009, Deer Leap will have 10 million lari ($6 million). For the last three years, the budget is unknown, becausethe budget is defined yearly.

The second phase is scheduled to finish in 2012. But Kakutia said that she does not know if the program will finish in 2012 or not.Possibily, if all goals cannot be met, the program might continue beyond 2012, she said.

In Tbilisi, nearly all 193 schools have Internet access. Some schools in Tbilisi do not have internet access because of technical problems, Kiziria said.

Schools situated in Georgia’s major cities now have internet access because of Deer Leap. The Internet line that comes from Europe to Georgia passes through big cities like Tbilisi, Kutaisi, Rustavi and Batumi. But the small regions, which are situated in mountains and far from the Internet line, faced problems getting Internet service.

Kiziria said that to provide these regions with Internet access is difficult and expensive. But Kakutia,said, all 2,400 schools in Georgia will be provided with the Internet within the next two years.

Simon Janashia, director of National Curriculum and Assessment Centre of the Ministry of Education, said that in the second phase, Deer Leap would continue to organize trainings, seminars and competitions. .

Tamar Verulashvili, information manager for Public School Number 51, said that all teachers and students have participated in competitions and seminars held by Deer Leap since 2005.

As an example of how students use computers, Anna Churcilava, a student at Public School Number 51, said that students gather information about culture and traditions of the places of interest or villages, and then create an electronic page of the places.

Lali Otosashvili, another student, said that students study Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Office and Linux programs.

But students in that school said they have a problem: they say there are not enough computers. If there are 40-45 students and 20 computers in one class, students said, they do not get enough time on computers.

But Kiziria said providing all students with computers is impossible, because of the high cost.

There are 2161 students in this school. And they have 102 computers for 2161 students. It means there is 1 computer for 21-22 students.

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